What is Linux? How to Setup Your Linux Computer

Linux is an open source operating system that runs the vast majority of the servers on the internet. It is developed and maintained by a community of volunteers, who are both dedicated as well as brilliant. It’s penguin logo, who is affectionately named “Tux” is ubiquitous and the source of both humor and pride in the Linux community. Linux is the foundation for the internet, the Apple Mac operating system, as well as the Android mobile device platforms. You can easily utilize this powerful resource in your life and business, and this website is dedicated to helping you do that. Let’s jump right into setting up your first Linux computer!

How you setup your Linux computer depends on how you’re going to use it. There are four levels of usage of any computer, and each level is cumulative.

  1. Casual Usage (Internet and Email)
  2. Workstation (Internet, Email, Word processing, Graphic Design)
  3. Administrator (Managing a network)
  4. Developer (Writing programs and creating applications)

Casual usage can easily be described as “using the computer like a type-writer with spell check and email.” At this level, the user only wants to send and receive email, check their Facebook account, search Google, and read Wikipedia. There is not much required for this type of a user. They just need a browser and an email client.

workstation is just that: a computer designed to do work. It includes all the capabilities of the causal user, but also includes software applications that allow you to create office documents, images, and other items that can be considered work product.

An administrator level setup includes all the capabilities of the casual user and the workstation, but is also designed to manage networks and servers. It includes a lot of “geek” tools that the average user will never see nor want to know about.

The final and highest level of computer setup is the developer setup. It includes all the capabilities of the other three, but also includes the tools and utilities as well as source code (called linux-headers) that are required for creating programs and applications.

What to Learn Next:

Below, you will find a list of tutorials that teach you the Linux system one building block at a time. Read and do each of these tutorials in the order they are listed below to get a jump start on working with your new Linux System.

  1. How to Install Software on your Linux Computer
  2. vim: Your Text Editor of Choice